To keep a first aid kit for your pet is as important as feeding your pet. You never know when your dog could get injured. Rather than being clueless you should be well prepared beforehand for such situations. The prerequisite for it is having a first aid kit.
In this blog we have mentioned only the basic things which can easily be available in the market, are inexpensive, and readily to hand whenever required.
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1.Veterinarian’s card and the paperwork
Having a card with contact no. of your veterinarian is the most important part of the first aid kit. It happens sometimes that you are not home and leave your dog with the caretakers. So, for such situations you should keep all the details like contact number, address etc. of your vet handy, so that any person can reach the vet in case of emergency.
Also keep all the paperwork like medical history, vaccination card etc. handy for the critical situations.
Note: Always keep a first aid manual in your first aid kit. It will help you treat your dog more efficiently. Also, any person can do the first aid following the steps written in the manual. So, it is necessary to have a manual in your kit.
Scissors are the most common and the most important element of a dog’s first aid kit. They are used for cutting gauge, preparing splints or removing extra fur from the area of injury for treatment etc. It is always advised to use the bandage scissors as they are blunt at the tip, so it will be safer to use on animal’s skin.
Tweezers are generally used to remove ticks from the animal’s body or sometimes to remove stinging honey bees that get stuck to the animal’s fur. Nowadays specially designed tweezers are available in the market called “TICK NIPPERS ‘‘. They can remove the whole tick including the head with much ease as compared to normal tweezers. But if you do not get it, then normal tweezers will also work.
Ticks can become a major problem sometimes. Here is a guide for you on HOW TO TACKLE TICKS IN DOG (TREATMENT AND CARE)
Tweezers can also be used to remove the splinter from the wound.
Rectal thermometer is best to use. But never use it if you haven’t practiced inserting it before. Do not experiment with your dog at the time of injury.
So, it is safer to use a digital thermometer. Also, if you are using a rectal thermometer do not forget to lubricate it before inserting.
5.Assorted bandages and gauge
The bandages used for dogs first aid are called the “VET WRAP”. They are the self-adhering, water-repellent bandages that do not stick to the fur.
Gauge is used to cover the wound to prevent excessive bleeding, act as a temporary support for fractures or can be used to cover mouth in case muzzle is not available. Gauges are similar to those used in humans.
Self-adhering, elastic and breathable adhesive tapes are used. These are used to secure the bandages at their position.
Never apply adhesive tapes directly on the fur. They will adhere to the fur very strongly and are very difficult to remove from it, thereby causing fur to come out of the skin and hurting the pet tremendously.
7.Cotton wool and cotton buds
The absorbent cotton wool is super soft and is used for the application of medicines or cleaning wounds with antiseptic.
The cotton buds are used for gently and more precisely cleaning in or the areas around your dog’s ears, eyes, and other sensitive areas.
The muzzle is one of the essential components of your dog’s first aid kit. During an injury, the dog becomes restless due to pain. So, there are chances it may bite the handler. So before handling your dogs, always apply the MUZZLE over its mouth as a precautionary measure.
In case muzzle is not available, you can use the gauge or any soft nylon cloth. But keep in mind that its mouth should not be completely closed if it is vomiting or having a shortage of breath.
9. Pen Torch
Pen torches are used for closely examining a wound in the areas like claws, mouth, ears or nostrils. Also, they can be used when sources of light are not present.
10. Magnifying glass
Magnifying glasses are used to magnify minor cuts or injuries so that they can be treated efficiently.
11. Syringes and gloves
Always keep 2-3 syringes (without needles) in your first aid kit. These are used to flush the wound with disinfectant or for oral administration of drugs.
Never touch a wound or injury bare-handed. It may contain several harmful pathogens that can cause infection to you as well. Always wear gloves while treating a wound. You can use latex or nitrile gloves.
1. Prescribed ones
Always keep a backup supply of the prescribed medicines for your dog. Apart from this, you can keep medicines for fever, diarrhea, allergy, etc. But avoid giving them without consulting your vet.
2. 3%Hydrogen peroxide
It is used to induce vomiting in case your dog has ingested some poison or any harmful foreign substance.
These are the antihistamines that are used against allergic reactions in the body. If your dog has a habit of sniffing around and catch grass seed or pollen grain allergy, these tablets are helpful.
4. Antibiotic ointment
Antibiotic ointments are used for protection against bacterial infection on cuts, scrapes, or any other injury on your dog’s skin.
Antibiotics are important medicines that should be available all the time. They act as first line of defense in every situation. There are many Dog Diseases That Cause Death and can be prevented using antibiotics.
5. Suitable disinfectant
It is advised to use “POVIDONE IODINE” as it is gentle as well as effective. It is easily available in the market
NOTE: Generally, people use hydrogen peroxide as disinfectant but it has been observed that it delays the healing process. So, try avoiding it.
6. Saline Solution
Saline solution is used to flush the wound or the parts like eyes, ears etc. in case any grass seed, pollen or any foreign particles enter.
Note: The above-mentioned medication should be administered only in the guidance of a veterinarian. Never give medicine without doctor's advice (including hydrogen peroxide) as it can cause an adverse impact on your dog’s health.